QT time prolongation
Adverse drug events
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Explanations of the substances for patients
We have no additional warnings for the combination of ketanser and abarelix. Please also consult the relevant specialist information.
The reported changes in exposure correspond to the changes in the plasma concentration-time curve [ AUC ]. We do not expect any change in exposure for ketanser, when combined with abarelix (100%). We do not expect any change in exposure for abarelix, when combined with ketanser (100%).
The pharmacokinetic parameters of the average population are used as the starting point for calculating the individual changes in exposure due to the interactions.
The bioavailability, half-life, and volume of distribution of ketanser are unknown to us.
The bioavailability of abarelix is unknown. The terminal half-life [ t12 ] is rather long at 316.8 hours and constant plasma levels [ Css ] are only reached after more than 1267.2 hours. The protein binding [ Pb ] is 97.5% strong. The metabolism via cytochromes is currently still being worked on.
|Serotonergic Effects a||0||Ø||Ø|
Rating: According to our knowledge, neither ketanser nor abarelix increase serotonergic activity.
|Kiesel & Durán b||0||Ø||Ø|
Rating: According to our knowledge, neither ketanser nor abarelix increase anticholinergic activity.
QT time prolongation
Rating: In combination, ketanser and abarelix can potentially trigger ventricular arrhythmias of the torsades de pointes type.
General adverse effects
|Side effects||∑ frequency||ket||aba|
|Ventricular arrhythmia||0.0 %||0.01||n.a.|
|Peripheral edema||0.0 %||0.01||n.a.|
Based on your answers and scientific information, we assess the individual risk of undesirable side effects. These recommendations are intended to advise professionals and are not a substitute for consultation with a doctor. In the restricted test version (alpha), the risk of all substances has not yet been conclusively assessed.
Abstract: The authors report the case of an 84-year-old man with mild aortic valvular disease and arterial hypertension who developed marked QT interval prolongation and several lipotimic and syncopal attacks after 3 months of treatment with ketanserin (40 mg/day). The correlation between ketanserin, QT prolongation and symptoms was assessed by withdrawal and subsequent re-administration of the drug. Continuous ECG monitoring revealed the occurrence of QT prolongation and symptomatic runs of torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia. The Authors suggest that treatment with ketanserin needs careful patients selection and follow-up.
Abstract: A 65-year-old man with arterial hypertension received oral treatment with Ketanserin, a new drug, during a period of five months. He developed marked QT interval prolongation and have several Stokes-Adams attacks. A Holter recording obtained during one of these episodes showed torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia. The arrhythmias occurred during maximum QT interval prolongation. The correlation between Ketanserin and QT interval prolongation was evaluated by using several Holter studies during administration and withdrawal of the drug. The effect of Ketanserin on the QTc interval was analyzed retrospectively in six patients who had been taking the drug orally. Following a period of four to eight months, the QTc interval was prolonged by the drug (5 to 31%, mean 17%) in five patients. We conclude that torsade de pointes is a potential hazard of long-term treatment with Ketanserin.
Abstract: In hypertensive patients single doses of ketanserin 40 mg prolonged the corrected QT interval (QTc) for at least 8 hours, with a maximal increase of 35 ms (P less than 0.001, n = 6) after 2 hours. During chronic dosing (20 and 40 mg b.d.) the QTc was further prolonged, by 46 and 45 ms respectively. QTc prolongation after treatment with a mean dose of 73 mg/day for 7 weeks (n = 26) was significantly related to body weight (r = -0.58, P less than 0.01), and to the dose of ketanserin corrected for body weight (r = 0.63, P less than 0.01), but not to plasma concentrations of ketanserin, ketanserinol, potassium or calcium. High doses of ketanserin (mean dose 167 mg/day, n = 9) increased the QTc by 40 ms (P less than 0.001), with prolongation of up to 80 ms in individual patients. Treatment with ketanserin at doses proposed for clinical use (40-80 mg/day) may carry a risk of ventricular arrhythmias.
Abstract: No Abstract available
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ketanserin, a selective 5-HT receptor antagonist, prolongs the QT interval of ECG in patients. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether ketanserin would block human cardiac ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Whole-cell patch voltage-clamp technique was used to record membrane currents in HEK 293 cells expressing wild type or mutant hERG channel genes. KEY RESULTS: Ketanserin blocked hERG current (I(hERG)) in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50=0.11 microM). The drug showed an open channel blocking property, the block increasing significantly at depolarizing voltages between +10 to +60 mV. Voltage-dependence for inactivation of hERG channels was negatively shifted by 0.3 microM ketanserin. A 2.8 fold attenuation of inhibition by elevation of external K+ concentration (from 5.0 to 20 mM) was observed, whereas the inactivation-deficient mutants S620T and S631A had the IC50s of 0.84 +/- 0.2 and 1.7 +/-0.4 microM (7.6 and 15.4 fold attenuation of block). In addition, the hERG mutants in pore helix and S6 also significantly reduced the channel block (2-59 fold) by ketanserin. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These results suggest that ketanserin binds to and blocks the open hERG channels in the pore helix and the S6 domain; channel inactivation is also involved in the blockade of hERG channels. Blockade of hERG channels most likely contributes to the prolongation of QT intervals in ECG observed clinically at therapeutic concentrations of ketanserin.