QT time prolongation
Adverse drug events
Variants ✨For the computationally intensive evaluation of the variants, please choose the paid standard subscription.
Explanations of the substances for patients
We have no additional warnings for the combination of abarelix and sertindole. Please also consult the relevant specialist information.
The reported changes in exposure correspond to the changes in the plasma concentration-time curve [ AUC ]. We do not expect any change in exposure for abarelix, when combined with sertindole (100%). We do not expect any change in exposure for sertindole, when combined with abarelix (100%).
The pharmacokinetic parameters of the average population are used as the starting point for calculating the individual changes in exposure due to the interactions.
The bioavailability of abarelix is unknown. The terminal half-life [ t12 ] is rather long at 316.8 hours and constant plasma levels [ Css ] are only reached after more than 1267.2 hours. The protein binding [ Pb ] is 97.5% strong. The metabolism via cytochromes is currently still being worked on.
Sertindole has a mean oral bioavailability [ F ] of 75%, which is why the maximum plasma levels [Cmax] tend to change with an interaction. The terminal half-life [ t12 ] is rather long at 72 hours and constant plasma levels [ Css ] are only reached after more than 288 hours. The protein binding [ Pb ] is very strong at 99.5%. The metabolism takes place via CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, among others.
|Serotonergic Effects a||0||Ø||Ø|
Rating: According to our knowledge, neither abarelix nor sertindole increase serotonergic activity.
|Kiesel & Durán b||0||Ø||Ø|
Rating: According to our knowledge, neither abarelix nor sertindole increase anticholinergic activity.
QT time prolongation
Rating: In combination, abarelix and sertindole can potentially trigger ventricular arrhythmias of the torsades de pointes type.
General adverse effects
|Side effects||∑ frequency||aba||ser|
|Nasal congestion||26.7 %||n.a.||26.7|
|Abnormal ejaculation||15.6 %||n.a.||15.6|
|Orthostatic hypotension||1.0 %||n.a.||+|
|Weight gain||1.0 %||n.a.||+|
|Peripheral edema||1.0 %||n.a.||+|
Based on your answers and scientific information, we assess the individual risk of undesirable side effects. These recommendations are intended to advise professionals and are not a substitute for consultation with a doctor. In the restricted test version (alpha), the risk of all substances has not yet been conclusively assessed.
Abstract: Recently, antipsychotic medications of the novel or atypical classes have received increased attention because of concerns with respect to potential lengthening of the QT interval, yet the currently available and commonly prescribed conventional antipsychotics are significantly more cardiotoxic, particularly agents in the butyrophenone and phenothiazine classes. Lengthening of the QT interval can be associated with a fatal paroxysmal ventricular arrhythmia known as torsades de pointes. The specific duration of the QT interval at which the risk of an adverse cardiac event is greatest, is not established. There is not only significant variation in the applied definition of an abnormal interval, but the maximal QT interval in healthy volunteers is greater than the currently accepted standards. The QT interval is influenced by normal physiological and pathologic factors, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Using recombinant technology, haloperidol and sertindole have been demonstrated to be high-affinity antagonists of a human cardiac potassium channel encoded by the human ether-a-go-go-related gene. Pimozide, however, has been shown to act principally through calcium channel antagonism, and chlorpromazine may affect sodium channels. Nevertheless, it is possible that these effects are significant only in the presence of predisposing factors, either genetic or acquired. Despite proven efficacy in clinical trials and subsequent supervised use in Europe, a number of recently developed antipsychotic medications are not available to patients in North America. Yet, conventional antipsychotic medications that would not be approved by current safety standards continue to be widely used.
Abstract: (1) The first-line drug for the treatment of schizophrenic disorders is a neuroleptic such as haloperidol. Amisulpride may be preferable when haloperidol causes unacceptable neurological reactions. Overall, the risk-benefit balance of more recent, so-called atypical neuroleptics is no better. (2) Sertindole, a neuroleptic, was first marketed in 1996 in several European countries before being withdrawn two years later because of numerous cardiac adverse effects. It has once again been approved and should soon be available on the French market. (3) Two comparative double-blind trials suggest that a daily sertindole dose of 24 mg is about as effective as 10 mg of haloperidol. Sertindole was no more effective than risperidone in a trial comparing these two drugs. (4) Like other 'atypical' neuroleptics, sertindole has few short-term neurological adverse effects (extrapyramidal syndrome) at the doses used in clinical trials. However, it causes weight gain. Sertindole also has alpha blocking properties, which can cause postural hypotension and reduce ejaculate volume; it also has atropinic effects (constipation, dry mouth, etc.). (5) Sertindole provokes a dose-dependent increase in the QT interval more frequently than haloperidol in comparative trials, and apparently more frequently than other 'atypical' neuroleptics such as risperidone and olanzapine. Sertindole has been suspected of increasing cardiovascular mortality but this has not been established. (6) Sertindole is metabolised by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes CYP 2D6 and CYP 3A4, hence a high risk of pharmacokinetic interactions. (7) In practice, when haloperidol has to be withdrawn because of adverse effects, especially neurological reactions, it is better to continue to resort to amisulpride, for example, with close monitoring of adverse effects, rather than expose patients to the potential dangers of sertindole.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Despite the progress in antipsychotic treatment, modern antipsychotic medication is still associated with side effects, reduced compliance, drug discontinuation and insufficient effects on negative and cognitive symptoms. Sertindole is an antipsychotic compound, with high affinity for dopamine D(2), serotonin 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C) and α(1)-adrenergic receptors, which has been reintroduced in the market after extended re-evaluation of its safety and risk-benefit profile. AREAS COVERED: Sertindole's pharmacological profile, pharmacokinetics, neuophysiological properties, efficacy on positive, negative and cognitive symptoms and safety issues are covered in this article, based on a literature review from 1990 to 2012. EXPERT OPINION: Based on five double-blind, randomized, placebo-, haloperidol- or risperidone-controlled studies in patients with schizophrenia, sertindole shows a comparable efficacy with haloperidol and risperidone on positive symptoms, while the effect on negative symptoms seems to be superior. Sertindole is generally well tolerated, but is associated with a dose-related QTc interval prolongation (+22 ms). Risk factors for drug-induced arrhythmia, such as cardiac diseases, congenital long QT syndrome, prolongated QTc at baseline, etc. and drug interactions should be considered before prescribing sertindole. To minimize cardiovascular risk, regular ECG recording is required. Sertindole can be an important second-line option for the treatment of schizophrenia for patients intolerant to at least one other antipsychotic. Further comparison with other SGAs and investigations on subgroups (e.g., children, elderly, first-episode, treatment-refractory patients, etc.) are still needed for a precise understanding of the therapeutic benefits and its role in schizophrenia therapy.
Abstract: Nowadays, new schizophrenia treatments are more ambitious than ever, aiming not only to improve psychotic symptoms, but also quality of life and social reinsertion. Our objective is to briefly but critically review the diagnosis of schizophrenia, the atypical antipsychotics sertindole's pharmacology, safety and status, and mainly evaluate the effects of sertindole compared with other second generation antipsychotics for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychosis. In vitro studies showed that sertindole exerts a potent antagonism at serotonin 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, dopamine D2, and αl adrenergic receptors. Sertindole offers an alternative treatment option for refractory patients given its good EPS profile, favorable metabolic profile, and comparable efficacy to risperidone. Due to cardiovascular safety concerns, sertindole is available as a second-line choice for patients intolerant to other antipsychotic agents. Further clinical studies, mainly comparisons with other second-generation antipsychotic agents, are needed to define the role of sertindole in the treatment of schizophrenia.