QT time prolongation
Adverse drug events
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Explanations of the substances for patients
We have no additional warnings for the combination of naratriptan and lorcaserin. Please also consult the relevant specialist information.
The reported changes in exposure correspond to the changes in the plasma concentration-time curve [ AUC ]. We do not expect any change in exposure for naratriptan, when combined with lorcaserin (100%). We do not expect any change in exposure for lorcaserin, when combined with naratriptan (100%).
The pharmacokinetic parameters of the average population are used as the starting point for calculating the individual changes in exposure due to the interactions.
Naratriptan has a mean oral bioavailability [ F ] of 74%, which is why the maximum plasma levels [Cmax] tend to change with an interaction. The terminal half-life [ t12 ] is 6.5 hours and constant plasma levels [ Css ] are reached after approximately 26 hours. Protein binding [ Pb ] is not known. The metabolism via cytochromes is currently still being worked on.
The bioavailability of lorcaserin is unknown. The terminal half-life [ t12 ] is 11 hours and constant plasma levels [ Css ] are reached after approximately 44 hours. The protein binding [ Pb ] is rather weak at 70%. The metabolism takes place via CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, among others.
|Serotonergic Effects a||3||+||++|
Recommendation: The risk of a serotonergic syndrome is increased, but without an exact answers to the cognitive, vegative and neuromuscular symptom questions we cannot make any recommendations for action.
Rating: Naratriptan has a mild effect on the serotonergic system. Lorcaserin modulates the serotonergic system to a moderate extent.
|Kiesel & Durán b||0||Ø||Ø|
Rating: According to our knowledge, lorcaserin does not increase anticholinergic activity. The anticholinergic effect of naratriptan is not relevant.
QT time prolongation
We do not know of any QT-prolonging potential for naratriptan and lorcaserin.
General adverse effects
|Side effects||∑ frequency||nar||lor|
|Musculoskeletal pain||1.0 %||+||n.a.|
Blurred vision: naratriptan
Coronary artery spasm: naratriptan
Anaphylactic reaction: naratriptan
Transient ischemic attack: naratriptan
Based on your answers and scientific information, we assess the individual risk of undesirable side effects. These recommendations are intended to advise professionals and are not a substitute for consultation with a doctor. In the restricted test version (alpha), the risk of all substances has not yet been conclusively assessed.
Abstract: Naratriptan is a novel 5-HT1 agonist developed to treat acute migraine. The study objective was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of oral naratriptan in adolescent migraine patients outside a migraine attack. Subjects received a single 2.5 mg naratriptan tablet. Serial serum samples for naratriptan concentrations were collected over 24 hours. Blood pressure, pulse rate, and 12-lead ECG were recorded at baseline and at regular intervals after dosing. Seven patients--3 males and 4 females, 12 to 16 years of age--received drug and completed the study. The geometric mean and 95% confidence interval maximum concentration (Cmax) was 8.0 ng/mL (5.9-10.7), elimination half-life (t1/2) was 4.9 hours (4.5-5.4), area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) was 74.6 ng.h/mL (56.6-98.2), and apparent total clearance (Cl/F) was 558.8 mL/min (424.3-735.9). The median time to maximal concentration (tmax) was 4 hours, with a range of 1.5 to 4. Blood pressure, pulse rate, and ECG parameters did not change significantly from baseline. No serious adverse events or subject withdrawal after drug administration occurred. Oral naratriptan pharmacokinetic parameters in adolescents were similar to values reported in adults. Naratriptan doses for adolescents older than 12 years of age would be expected to be similar to adult doses.
Abstract: Lorcaserin, a selective serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 2C receptor agonist, is being developed for weight management. The oxidative metabolism of lorcaserin, mediated by recombinant human cytochrome P450 (P450) and flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) enzymes, was examined in vitro to identify the enzymes involved in the generation of its primary oxidative metabolites, N-hydroxylorcaserin, 7-hydroxylorcaserin, 5-hydroxylorcaserin, and 1-hydroxylorcaserin. Human CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and FMO1 are major enzymes involved in N-hydroxylorcaserin; CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 are enzymes involved in 7-hydroxylorcaserin; CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 are enzymes involved in 5-hydroxylorcaserin; and CYP3A4 is an enzyme involved in 1-hydroxylorcaserin formation. In 16 individual human liver microsomal preparations (HLM), formation of N-hydroxylorcaserin was correlated with CYP2B6, 7-hydroxylorcaserin was correlated with CYP2D6, 5-hydroxylorcaserin was correlated with CYP1A2 and CYP3A4, and 1-hydroxylorcaserin was correlated with CYP3A4 activity at 10.0 μM lorcaserin. No correlation was observed for N-hydroxylorcaserin with any P450 marker substrate activity at 1.0 μM lorcaserin. N-Hydroxylorcaserin formation was not inhibited by CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 inhibitors at the highest concentration tested. Furafylline, quinidine, and ketoconazole, selective inhibitors of CYP1A2, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4, respectively, inhibited 5-hydroxylorcaserin (IC(50) = 1.914 μM), 7-hydroxylorcaserin (IC(50) = 0.213 μM), and 1-hydroxylorcaserin formation (IC(50) = 0.281 μM), respectively. N-Hydroxylorcaserin showed low and high K(m) components in HLM and 7-hydroxylorcaserin showed lower K(m) than 5-hydroxylorcaserin and 1-hydroxylorcaserin in HLM. The highest intrinsic clearance was observed for N-hydroxylorcaserin, followed by 7-hydroxylorcaserin, 5-hydroxylorcaserin, and 1-hydroxylorcaserin in HLM. Multiple human P450 and FMO enzymes catalyze the formation of four primary oxidative metabolites of lorcaserin, suggesting that lorcaserin has a low probability of drug-drug interactions by concomitant medications.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Anticholinergic drugs are often involved in explicit criteria for inappropriate prescribing in older adults. Several scales were developed for screening of anticholinergic drugs and estimation of the anticholinergic burden. However, variation exists in scale development, in the selection of anticholinergic drugs, and the evaluation of their anticholinergic load. This study aims to systematically review existing anticholinergic risk scales, and to develop a uniform list of anticholinergic drugs differentiating for anticholinergic potency. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in MEDLINE. Studies were included if provided (1) a finite list of anticholinergic drugs; (2) a grading score of anticholinergic potency and, (3) a validation in a clinical or experimental setting. We listed anticholinergic drugs for which there was agreement in the different scales. In case of discrepancies between scores we used a reputed reference source (Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference®) to take a final decision about the anticholinergic activity of the drug. RESULTS: We included seven risk scales, and evaluated 225 different drugs. Hundred drugs were listed as having clinically relevant anticholinergic properties (47 high potency and 53 low potency), to be included in screening software for anticholinergic burden. CONCLUSION: Considerable variation exists among anticholinergic risk scales, in terms of selection of specific drugs, as well as of grading of anticholinergic potency. Our selection of 100 drugs with clinically relevant anticholinergic properties needs to be supplemented with validated information on dosing and route of administration for a full estimation of the anticholinergic burden in poly-medicated older adults.